Lebanon's History

Lebanon is the historical home of the Phoenicians, Semitic traders whose maritime culture flourished there for more than 2,000 years (c. 2700-450 B.C.). In later centuries, Lebanon's mountains were a refuge for Christians, and Crusaders established several strongholds there. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the five Ottoman provinces that had comprised present-day Lebanon were mandated to France by the League of Nations. The country gained independence in 1943, and French troops were withdrawn in 1946.

Choose the time frame you would like to learn more about:

Phoenician Beginnings
Greek and Roman Periods
Medieval Lebanon
Ottoman Period
French Intervention
Lebanon after Independence
Civil War
Lebanon Today



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1997-2001 by Ayman Ghazi
ayman@ghazi.de
Last changes: September 30, 1997